The transport packaging is essential to protect the product that will be transported. It can have various sizes and shapes and can be made of different types of materials. And, all this must be taken into account in order to protect the cargo, not only against damage but also against perishing, theft, contamination, among others.
Packaging can be affected in various ways by movements of embarkation, disembarkation and transport itself. It should also be noted that, in international transport, the cargo may suffer with climate variations, vibrations, among others. In Sea Transport, for example, it may suffer the movements of sway, pitch and yaw
The packaging can be protected with the use of shrink or stretch films, and with the use of simple plastic or metal tape applied around the stack. Palletizing or unitizing containers can also do the protection.
The packaging of dangerous goods must be suitable for transport. The following entities regulate this type of transport:
• Maritime: International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code - IMO
• Air: Dangerous Goods Regulations - IATA
The volume marking is the identification of the goods and the lot that will ship. It is also advised that the volumes be numbered. This allows for the individualization of the load and guarantees a better safety during the transport.
Another important point is the identification of the weights of each volume. All volumes must be identified with appropriate labels regarding their hazard risk. They must also be identified for suitable handling as to their fragile load condition, etc.